Silicon Valley is the area from the peninsula to San Jose. San Jose, California is known as the "Capital of Silicon Valley" and spans 174 square miles. Itís current population 1,000,684,600 (according to the 2010 census) is the 10th largest of cities in California. Founded in 1777, and incorporated in 1850,it is the nations first capital as well as the heart of Silicon Valley. The City of San Jose has the nation's 4th best public safety record of any metropolitan area(according to Forbes 10/2010), a range of ethnic diversities and a temperate Mediterranean type climate. San Jose is around 50 miles south of San Francisco, while Oakland is about 35 miles to the northeast. The scenic Monterey/Carmel area is 70 miles to the south. With nearly 300 sunny days per year, San Jose averages 70s in the summer and 50s in the winter and has an average rainfall of 15 inches a year. Silicon valley employs more than a quarter million people working at around 6600 companies.
San Jose school children attend public elementary, middle, and high schools in eleven school districts, including: Alum Rock, Berryessa, Cambrian, Campbell, Cupertino Union, East Side, Evergreen, Franklin-McKinley, Fremont Union, Moreland, Oak Grove, San Jose, and Union. These districts operate a total of 287 elementary schools and 51 high schools in Santa Clara County and educate over 240,000 children. Several colleges and universities including San Jose State, San Jose City College, Evergreen Valley, and DeAnza are easily accessible to San Jose residents. Silicon Valley adds into the mix Santa Clara University, Stanford Universtiy and Foothill to name a few.